How many Wildlife Sanctuaries are there in India l List

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In today's article, we will tell you about the major wildlife sanctuaries of India, which is very important from the exam point of view. 

Questions related to wildlife sanctuaries of India are often asked in examinations, such as how many wildlife sanctuaries are there in India, which state has the most wildlife sanctuaries, the largest wildlife sanctuary in India, the smallest wildlife sanctuary in India, the first wildlife sanctuary in India, largest tiger reserve of India. 

In today’s article, we are going to answer all these questions. Before knowing the list of sanctuaries, you must know what is a wildlife sanctuary? 

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What is a Wildlife Sanctuary?

“Wildlife sanctuaries are forests where animals live freely without any fear. A forest, animal monastery, or bird monastery protected by the government or any other organization is called a sanctuary.”

A Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected area of importance for flora, fauna, or features of geological or other interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide opportunities for study or research.

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The government enacted the Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972 with an aim to effectively protect the wildlife of this country and control poaching, smuggling, and illegal trade in wildlife. The Act was amended in January 2003 and the punishment for offenses under the Act has been made more stringent.

How many wildlife sanctuaries are there in India?

Wildlife Sanctuaries of India

India has a total of 564 wildlife sanctuaries covering an area of ​​122509.33 sq km, which is 3.73% of the country's geographical area (National Wildlife Database, December 2021)

Sr.no

State/UT

The total area of ​​a wildlife sanctuary in (km) the state 

Total No. of Wildlife Sanctuaries

1.

Andra Pradesh

6771.40

13

2.

Arunachal Pradesh

7614.56

13 

3.

Assam

1728.95

17 

4.

Bihar

2851.67

12

5.

Chhattisgarh

3760.28

11

6.

Goa

647.91

6

7.

Gujarat

16618.42

23

8.

Haryana

118.21

7

9.

Himachal Pradesh

6115.97

28

10.

Jharkhand

1955.82

11

11.

Karnataka

7923.23

35

12.

Kerala

2156.21

18

13.

Madhya Pradesh

7046.19

24

14.

Maharashtra

7861.70

49

15.

Manipur

708.14

7

16.

Meghalaya

94.11

4

17.

Mizoram

1359.75

9

18.

Nagaland

43.91

4

19.

Odisha

7094.65

19

20.

Punjab

326.60

13

21.

Rajasthan

5592.38

25

22.

Sikkim

399.10

7

23.

Tamil Nadu

6240.56

30

24.

Tripura

603.64

4

25.

Uttar Pradesh

5822.20

26

26.

Uttarakhand

2690.12

7

27.

West Bengal

1440.18

16

28.

Telangana

5672.70

9

39.

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

377.83

94

30.

Chandigarh

26.01

2

31.

Dadra and Nagar

mansion

92.17

1

32.

Lakshadweep

0.01

1

33.

Daman and Diu

2.19

1

34.

Delhi

19.61

1

35.

Pondicherry

3.90

1

36

Jammu and Kashmir

1729.03

14

37

Ladakh 

9000.00

38.

Total

122509.33

564 

As you can see there are a total of 564 wildlife sanctuaries in India, out of which we will tell you about those sanctuaries which are useful for you from the exam point of view.

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Wildlife Sanctuaries of India: Important Points 

  • State with most wildlife sanctuaries in India: Maharashtra (49)
  • Union Territory with Most Sanctuaries in India: Andaman and Nicobar (94)
  • The largest wildlife sanctuary of India (in the area): Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary (7506.22 sq. km)
  • Smallest Wildlife Sanctuary in India: Mayureshwar Wildlife Sanctuary (5.14 sq. km) (1997)
  • The first wildlife sanctuary of India: Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary (1940)
  • Oldest Water Bird Sanctuary of India: Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary (1936)

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List of Wildlife Sanctuaries of India: State Wise

Major Wildlife Sanctuaries of Andhra Pradesh

  • Kolleru Bird Sanctuary
  • Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary

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Major Wildlife Sanctuaries of Arunachal Pradesh

  • Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Dibang Wild Sanctuary
  • Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Ken Wildlife Sanctuary

Major Wildlife Sanctuaries of Assam

  • Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary 
  • Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary,
  • Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary,
  • Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary

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Major Wildlife Sanctuaries of Bihar

  • Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary, 1976
  • Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary, 1976
  • Pant Wildlife Sanctuary, 1978
  • Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary,
  • Vikramshila Ganga Dolphin Sanctuary, 1990
  • Rajauli Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Udaipur Wildlife Sanctuary,

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Major Wildlife Sanctuaries of Goa

  • Bhagwan Mahavir Sanctuary, 1967
  • Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary, 1988

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Major Wildlife Sanctuaries of Gujarat 

  • Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary, 1969
  • Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary, 1986
  • Gaga Wildlife Sanctuary,
  • Thol Bird Sanctuary, 1988
  • Kutch Bustard Sanctuary, 1995
  • Girnar Wildlife Sanctuary,

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Major Wildlife Sanctuaries of Jammu and Kashmir 

  • Gulmarg Wildlife Sanctuary, 1987

Major Wildlife Sanctuaries of Jharkhand 

  • Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary, 1976
  • Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary, 1976
  • Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary, 1985
  • Palamu Tiger Reserve
  • Palkot Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Parasnath Wildlife Sanctuary

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Major Wildlife Sanctuaries of Kerala

  • Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary,
  • Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, 1982

Major Wildlife Sanctuaries of Ladakh 

  • Karakoram Wildlife Sanctuary, 1987

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Wildlife Sanctuaries of Madhya Pradesh 

  • Bori Wildlife Sanctuary, 1977
  • Gandhi Sagar Sanctuary, 1974
  • Nauradehi Wildlife Sanctuary,
  • National Chambal Sanctuary, 1979
  • Ghatigaon Wildlife Sanctuary, 1981
  • Karera Wildlife Sanctuary, 1981
  • Ralamandal Wildlife Sanctuary, 1989
  • Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary

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Wildlife Sanctuaries of Maharashtra 

  • Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary,
  • Andheri Wildlife Sanctuary, 1986
  • Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary, 1979
  • Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary, 1985
  • Lonar Wildlife Sanctuary, 2000
  • Mayureshwar Wildlife Sanctuary,
  • Tansa Wildlife Sanctuary,

Mizoram Wildlife Sanctuary 

  • Dampa Tiger Reserve
  • Langtang Wildlife Sanctuary

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Nagaland Wildlife Sanctuary 

  • Fakim ​​Wildlife Sanctuary

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Wildlife Sanctuaries of Odisha 

  • Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary,
  • Satkosia Gorge Wildlife Sanctuary, 1976
  • Tikarpada Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kapilasa Wildlife Sanctuary,
  • Kotgarh Wildlife Sanctuary, 1981
  • Chandka Elephant Sanctuary,

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Major Wildlife Sanctuaries of Rajasthan 

  • Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary, 1960
  • Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary,
  • National Chambal Sanctuary, 1979

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Major Wildlife Sanctuaries of Tamil Nadu 

  • Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary,
  • Mudumalai National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary, 1942
  • Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary, 1980
  • Vallanadu Wildlife Sanctuary,
  • Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary, 1991
  • Nellai Wildlife Sanctuary

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Major Wildlife Sanctuaries of Telangana 

  • Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve, 1978
  • Shivram Wildlife Sanctuary, 1978

Major Wildlife Sanctuaries of Uttar Pradesh 

  • Chandra Prabha Wildlife Sanctuary, 1957
  • Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary, 1972
  • Samaspur Bird Sanctuary, 1987
  • Mahavir Swami Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Sur Sarovar Sanctuary
  • Bakhira Sanctuary, 1980

Major Wildlife Sanctuaries of Uttarakhand 

  • Govind Pashu Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary, 1955
  • Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary,
  • Ascot Musk Deer Sanctuary, 1986
  • Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary,
  • Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary, 1988
  • Mussoorie Wildlife Sanctuary, 1993
  • Nandhaur Wildlife Sanctuary,

Major Wildlife Sanctuaries of West Bengal 

  • Chhapramari Wildlife Sanctuary,
  • Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary, 1985
  • Buxa Tiger Reserve, 1986

Major Wildlife Sanctuaries of Meghalaya 

  • Baghmara Pitcher Plant WLS

Important Geographical Term

Wildlife Sanctuaries of India: FAQs

How many wildlife sanctuaries are there in India?

Total 564 

Which state has the largest wildlife sanctuary in India?

Maharashtra (49)

Which is the largest wildlife sanctuary in India?

Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary (7506.22 sq km)

Which is the 1st wildlife sanctuary in India?

Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary (1940)

Which is the smallest sanctuary in India?

Mayureshwar Wildlife Sanctuary (5.14 km 2 ) (1997)

In which state is the Palamu Sanctuary located?

Jharkhand 

Where is the largest tiger reserve forest in India?

Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve

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