In today's article, you will read that the Tropic of Cancer passes through how many states of India?
If you are preparing for competitive exams then you must have read this question and if you do not know the answer to this question then after reading this article you will know the answer.
Along with this, you will know that what is the length of the Tropic of Cancer in India, which state has the maximum and the shortest length of the Tropic of Cancer, the Tropic of Cancer passes through how many districts of India, which city is closest to the Tropic of Cancer, The capital of which state is located on the Tropic of Cancer, which is the river that cuts the Tropic of Cancer twice, when does the Sunshine on the Tropic of Cancer and tropic of cancer passes through how many countries of the world.
Before this, let us know what is the Tropic of Cancer.
Imaginary lines have been drawn on the globe to determine the geographical location or position of any place on the earth’s surface. These imaginary lines are called latitude lines and longitude lines.
Imaginary lines drawn from west to east on the globe are called latitude lines. The total number of latitudes is 181. The distance between the two latitudes is about 111 km.
The length of latitude decreases as we move towards the poles.
These lines include the five major lines Tropic of Cancer, Equator, Tropic of Capricorn, Arctic Line, and Antarctic Line.
The line located at 0° latitude is called the equator. The equator divides the earth into two equal parts, the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.
The northern part of the equator is called the northern hemisphere and the southern part is called the southern hemisphere.
The 66 1/2° north latitude located in the Northern Hemisphere is called the Arctic Line and the 66 1/2° South Latitude Line located in the Southern Hemisphere is called the Antarctic Line.
The 23½° north latitude line located in the Northern Hemisphere is called the Tropic of Cancer. Whereas the 23½° south latitude line located in the Southern Hemisphere is called the Tropic of Capricorn.
Note: The area between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn is called the Tropical Zone.
The Tropic of Cancer passes through how many states of India, now let us know about it.
India is a country in Asia continent in the Northern Hemisphere.
Since the Tropic of Cancer is 23°30' north latitude line located in the Northern Hemisphere, the Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of India. The Tropic of Cancer divides India into two parts, North India and South India.
Note: The area of the northern part is almost twice the area of the southern part.
The Tropic of Cancer passes through eight states of India. These eight states are Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura, and Mizoram (order from west to east).
In India, the tropic of cancer starts from Kutch in Gujarat and continues westwards to Serchhip in Mizoram. The Tropic of Cancer also passes through Bangladesh between West Bengal and Tripura.
Tropic of Cancer also passes through the city of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh. Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur built an auditorium (observatory) in the city of Ujjain in 1733 at a place called Jaisinghpur on the right side of Kshipra, which is known as Jantar Mantar Mahal. It is important for the study of astronomy.
The Tropic of Cancer passes through 35 districts of eight states of India. Now you know that the Tropic of Cancer starts from the state of Gujarat to Mizoram, so now let's see Tropic of Cancer passes through how many districts of India?
Kutch, Surendranagar, Ahmedabad, Mehsana, Sabarkantha, Aravalli
Ratlam, Ujjain, Agar, Rajgarh, Sehore, Bhopal, Vidisha, Raisen, Sagar, Damoh, Jabalpur, Katni, Umaria, Shahdol
Korea, Surajpur, Balrampur
Purulia, Bankura, Bardhaman, and Nadia
Lunglei, Serchhip, and Champhai
Ranchi, the capital of Jharkhand, is located on the Tropic of Cancer.
Agartala, the capital of Tripura, is the nearest city to the Tropic of Cancer.
The total length of the Tropic of Cancer in India is about 2678 km. The maximum length of the Tropic of Cancer is in Madhya Pradesh and the shortest length of the Tropic of Cancer is in the state of Rajasthan.
Mahi river is a major west-flowing river in India. Mahi river originates from the Vindhyachal mountain range of Minda village near the Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh. It flows through Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Gujarat. And in Gujarat, falls into the Arabian Sea through the Gulf of Khambhat.
The Mahi River is the only river in India that crosses the tropic of Cancer twice. The Mahi River crosses the Tropic of Cancer once in Madhya Pradesh and once in Gujarat. The total length of the Mahi River is about 576 km.
The Tropic of Capricorn does not pass through any state of India.
The Earth is tilted 23.5 degrees on its axis, so when the Earth revolves around the Sun, sometimes the Northern Hemisphere and sometimes the Southern Hemisphere is in front of the Sun. Therefore, the Sun's light does not fall evenly on the Earth.
This is the reason that there are 6 months day and 6 months night on the poles.
When the Northern Hemisphere is tilted excessively with the Sun, then this phenomenon is called the June solstice.
When the Sun moves from the Southern Hemisphere to the Northern Hemisphere, it is called Uttarayan and when the Sun moves from the Northern Hemisphere to the Southern Hemisphere, it is called Dakshinayana.
On December 22, the Sun shines vertically on the Tropic of Capricorn, so December 22 is the longest day in the Southern Hemisphere while the night is the shortest, on the contrary, in the Northern Hemisphere, the day is shorter and the night longer. This is called the winter solstice.
After December 22, the Sun starts moving from the Southern Hemisphere to the Northern Hemisphere. Because of this, the days are longer and the nights shorter in the Northern Hemisphere.
On June 21, the sun shines vertically over the Tropic of Cancer. This day is the longest day in the Northern Hemisphere while the night is the shortest. Due to the rays of the sun falling vertically here, it is extremely hot on this day. This is called the summer solstice.
When the sun's rays fall vertically on the Tropic of Cancer, then the shadows are formed right below on the Tropic of Cancer or you can say that shadows are not formed. This is the reason why these areas are called “no shadow zone or shadowless area.”
Note: On 21st March and 23rd September the sun shines vertically on the equator which is called spring equinox and autumn equinox respectively, these are the days when the duration of day and night is equal.
The Tropic of Cancer passes through 17 countries of the 3 continents of the world.
Tropic of Cancer passes through 2 countries in North America, these countries are:
Tropic of Cancer passes through 7 countries of Africa, these countries are:
Western Sahara, Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Libya, Egypt
Tropic of Cancer passes through 8 countries in Asia, these countries are:
Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Oman, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, China, Taiwan
The Tropic of Cancer passes through 6 water bodies of the world. These water bodies are - the Indian Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Taiwan Strait, Red Sea, Gulf of Mexico