# Tropic of Cancer passes through how many states of India

Many students often be confused about the question that the Tropic of Cancer passes through how many states of India?

If you are preparing for competitive exams then you must have read this question many times and if you don't know the answer to this question then after reading this article you will know the answer.

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# States of India through which Tropic of Cancer Passes

The tropic of Cancer passes through 8 states of India. We will discuss these states below. In this article, you will also know some other important facts about the tropic of cancer in India.

Before it, it is very important to know what is the tropic of cancer.

## What is the tropic of Cancer?

Some imaginary lines have been drawn on the globe to determine the geographical location or position of any place on the earth’s surface. These imaginary lines are called latitude lines and longitude lines.

• Imaginary lines drawn from west to east on the globe are called latitude lines.
• The total number of latitudes is 181.
• The distance between the two latitudes is about 111 km.

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• The length of latitude decreases as we move toward the poles.
• These lines include the five major lines Tropic of Cancer, Equator, Tropic of Capricorn, Arctic Line, and Antarctic Line.
• The line located at latitude is called the equator.
• The equator divides the earth into two equal parts, the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.

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• The northern part of the equator is called the Northern hemisphere and the southern part is called the southern hemisphere.
• The 66 1/2° north latitude located in the Northern Hemisphere is called the Arctic Line and the 66 1/2° South Latitude Line located in the Southern Hemisphere is called the Antarctic Line.
• The 23½° north latitude line in the Northern Hemisphere is called the Tropic of Cancer. Whereas the 23½° south latitude line in the Southern Hemisphere is called the Tropic of Capricorn.

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Note: The area between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn is called the Tropical Zone.

Now you know what is tropic of Cancer. Now we can start our topic Tropic of Cancer passes through how many states of India.

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## Tropic of Cancer passes through how many states of India?

India is a country in the Asia continent in the Northern Hemisphere.

Since the Tropic of Cancer is 23°30' north latitude line located in the Northern Hemisphere, the Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of India. The Tropic of Cancer divides India into two parts, North India and South India.

Note: The area of the northern part is almost twice the area of the southern part.

The Tropic of Cancer passes through eight states of India. These eight states are Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura, and Mizoram (order from west to east).

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In India, the tropic of cancer starts from Kutch in Gujarat and continues westwards to Serchhip in Mizoram. The Tropic of Cancer also passes through Bangladesh between West Bengal and Tripura.

Tropic of Cancer also passes through the city of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh. Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur built an auditorium (observatory) in the city of Ujjain in 1733 at a place called Jaisinghpur on the right side of Kshipra, which is known as Jantar Mantar Mahal. It is important for the study of astronomy.

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## Tropic of Cancer passes through how many districts of India?

The Tropic of Cancer passes through 35 districts of eight states of India. Now you know that the Tropic of Cancer starts from the state of Gujarat to Mizoram, so now let's see Tropic of Cancer passes through how many districts of India?

Tropic of Cancer passes through 7 districts of Gujarat. These are the districts:

• Kutch, Surendranagar, Ahmedabad, Mehsana, Gandhinagar, Sabarkantha, Aravalli

Tropic of Cancer passes through 2 districts of Rajasthan, this district is:

• Dungarpur, Banswara

• Ratlam, Ujjain, Agar, Rajgarh, Sehore, Bhopal, Vidisha, Raisen, Sagar, Damoh, Jabalpur, Katni, Umaria, Shahdol

Tropic of Cancer passes through 3 districts of Chhattisgarh. These are the districts:

• Koriya, Surajpur, Balrampur

Tropic of Cancer passes through 2 districts of Jharkhand, these are the districts:

• Gumla, Ranchi

The Tropic of Cancer passes through 4 districts of West Bengal. These are the districts:

• Purulia, Bankura, Bardhaman, and Nadia

Tropic of Cancer passes through 1 district of Tripura, this district is:

• Southern Tripura

Tropic of Cancer passes through 3 districts of Mizoram. These districts are:

• Lunglei, Serchhip, and Champhai

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### Which river of India crosses the Tropic of Cancer twice?

Mahi River is a major west-flowing river in India. Mahi River originates from the Vindhyachal mountain range of Minda village near the Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh. It flows through Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Gujarat. And in Gujarat, it falls into the Arabian Sea through the Gulf of Khambhat.

The Mahi River is the only river in India that crosses the tropic of Cancer twice. The Mahi River crosses the Tropic of Cancer once in Madhya Pradesh and once in Gujarat. The total length of the Mahi River is about 576 km.

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## When does the Sun shine directly over the Tropic of Cancer?

The Earth is tilted 23.5 degrees on its axis, so when the Earth revolves around the Sun, sometimes the Northern Hemisphere and sometimes the Southern Hemisphere is in front of the Sun. Therefore, the Sun's light does not fall evenly on the Earth.

This is the reason that there are 6 months day and 6 months night on the poles.

When the Northern Hemisphere is tilted excessively with the Sun, then this phenomenon is called the June solstice.

When the Sun moves from the Southern Hemisphere to the Northern Hemisphere, it is called Uttarayan and when the Sun moves from the Northern Hemisphere to the Southern Hemisphere, it is called Dakshinayana.

On December 22, the Sun shines vertically on the Tropic of Capricorn, so December 22 is the longest day in the Southern Hemisphere while the night is the shortest, on the contrary, in the Northern Hemisphere, the day is shorter and the night is longer. This is called the winter solstice.

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After December 22, the Sun starts moving from the Southern Hemisphere to the Northern Hemisphere. Because of this, the days are longer and the nights shorter in the Northern Hemisphere.

On June 21, the sun shines vertically over the Tropic of Cancer. This day is the longest day in the Northern Hemisphere while the night is the shortest. Due to the rays of the sun falling vertically here, it is extremely hot on this day. This is called the summer solstice.

When the sun's rays fall vertically on the Tropic of Cancer, then the shadows are formed right below the Tropic of Cancer or you can say that shadows are not formed. This is the reason why these areas are called “no shadow zone or shadowless areas.”

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 Note: On the 21st of March and the 23rd of September the sun shines vertically on the equator which is called the spring equinox and autumn equinox respectively, these are the days when the duration of day and night is equal.

## Tropic of Cancer passes through how many countries of the world?

The Tropic of Cancer passes through 17 countries of the 3 continents of the world.

The Tropic of Cancer passes through 2 countries in North America, these countries are:

• Mexico, Bahamas

The Tropic of Cancer passes through 7 countries of Africa, these countries are:

• Western Sahara, Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Libya, Egypt

The Tropic of Cancer passes through 8 countries in Asia, these countries are:

• Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Oman, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, China, Taiwan

## Tropic of Cancer passes through how many water bodies in the world?

The Tropic of Cancer passes through 6 water bodies of the world. These water bodies are - the Indian Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Taiwan Strait, Red Sea, and Gulf of Mexico.

## Tropic of Cancer in India: FAQs

Q.1 The capital of which state is located on the Tropic of Cancer?

Ans. Ranchi, the capital of Jharkhand, is located on the Tropic of Cancer.

Q.2 Which city/town is closest to the Tropic of Cancer?

Ans. Agartala, the capital of Tripura, is the nearest city to the Tropic of Cancer.

Q.3 What is the length of the Tropic of Cancer in India?

Ans. The total length of the Tropic of Cancer in India is about 2678 km. The maximum length of the Tropic of Cancer is in Madhya Pradesh and the shortest length of the Tropic of Cancer is in the state of Rajasthan.

Q.4 Tropic of Capricorn passes through which state of India?

Ans. The Tropic of Capricorn does not pass through any state of India.