Largest and Smallest State in India by Area

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This article is for providing you the information about the largest and smallest states of India by area. This is a very important question from the exam point of view. If you are preparing for the competitive exams so this is a very useful article for you because this article also gives you essential information about these states.

The complete information about the largest and smallest state in India is given below.

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The Largest and Smallest state in India by Area

India is the seventh largest country in the world in terms of area. The area of India is 32,87,263 sq km which is 2.42% of the total area of the world. From it you can get an idea that India is a very large country in terms of area. 

At present India has a total of 28 states. Some states of India are very large in area. You will surprise to know that the top 10 states cover 67.16% of India's total land area. 

The largest state of India by area is Rajasthan (342,239 km^2) followed by Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. The smallest state of India by area is Goa (3,700 km^2).

This article tells about the largest and smallest states of India based on the 2011 census. 

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Largest and Smallest State of India on Map

Before knowing about the Largest and smallest states of India by area in detail, see the location of these states on the Indian map. Here is the location of the Largest state: Rajasthan and the smallest state: Goa on the Map.

Largest State of India in terms of Area

  • Rajasthan is the largest state of India in terms of Area. 

Some important facts about the largest state of India: Rajasthan

  • It covers 342,239 square kilometers (132,139 sq mi) which is 10.4 percent of India's total geographical area.
  • Rajasthan is the largest northern state of India.
  • The state was formed on 30 March 1949. The old name of Rajasthan was Rajputana.
  • The word Rajputana was first used by George Thomas in 1800 AD.
  • On January 26, 1950, the name of this state was approved as Rajasthan.
  • Rajasthan means "Land of Kings".
  • Rajasthan is the seventh largest state of India in terms of population.
  • The total population of Rajasthan is 68,548,437.
  • Its geographical location of it is 23.3 to 30.12 north latitude and 69.30 to 78.17 east longitude.
  • Rajasthan shares a 1070 km long border with the neighboring country Pakistan in the west. Which is known as Red Clip Line.
  • The four districts of Rajasthan shares a border with Pakistan. These districts are - ShriGanganagar (210 km), Bikaner (168), Jaisalmer (464), and Barmer (228 km).
  • It also shares a border with five other Indian states: Punjab to the north; Haryana and Uttar Pradesh in the northeast; Madhya Pradesh in the southeast; and Gujarat in the southwest.
  • The tropic of Cancer also passes through this state.
  • The tropic of Cancer passed through the Dungarpur district and Banswara districts of Rajasthan.
  • Keoladeo National Park, a World Heritage Site, is located in Bharatpur, Rajasthan.
  • Jaipur is the capital and the largest city of Rajasthan.
  • Rajasthan is divided into 33 districts.
  • Hindi is the official language of Rajasthan.
  • The current Chief Minister of Rajasthan is Ashok Gehlot (INC).
  • The current Governor of Rajasthan is Kalraj Mishra.
  • The total number of assembly seats in Rajasthan is 200.
  • The number of Rajyasabha seats is 10.
  • The number of Loksabha seats is 25.
  • The Regional languages of Rajasthan are Bagri, Marwadi Rajasthani, and Mewati.
  • The Literacy (2011) rate is 66.1%.
  • The Sex ratio is 928.
  • Jaisalmer (38,401 km2) is the largest district of Rajasthan in terms of area.
  • Dholpur (3,084 km2) is the smallest district of Rajasthan in terms of area.
  • Jaipur (6,626,178) is the largest district of Rajasthan in terms of Population.
  • Jaisalmer (669,919) is the smallest district of Rajasthan in terms of Population.
  • The state animal of Rajasthan is Chinkara (Gazella bennettii).
  • The state bird of Rajasthan is the Indian bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps).
  • The state flower of Rajasthan is Rohida (Tecomella undulata).
  • The state plant of Rajasthan is the cactus (cactaceae).
  • The state tree of Rajasthan is Khejri (Prosopis cineraria).

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  • The economy of Rajasthan is the seventh largest state economy in India with ₹10.20 lakh crore (US$130 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹118,000 (US$1,500).
  • Rajasthan ranks 29th among Indian states on Human Development Index.
  • Ghumar, Gair, Jhumar, and Kalbeliya are the famous folk dances of Rajasthan.
  • Meena, Bhil, Garasia, Sahariya, and Kalbelia are the major tribes of Rajasthan.
  • Luni, Banas, Kali Sindh, and Chambal are the major rivers of Rajasthan.
  • Due to the longitudinal expansion of Rajasthan, there is a difference of 36 minutes in time from the eastern border to the western border, that is, the sunrise in Jaisalmer is about 36 minutes after the sunrise in Dhaulpur.

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Smallest State of India in terms of Area

  • Goa is the smallest state in India in terms of area.

Some important facts about the Smallest state of India: Goa

  • It covers 3,700 square kilometers (1,400 sq mi). 
  • It is bordered by the Indian states of Maharashtra to the north and Karnataka to the east and south, along with the Arabian Sea to the west.
  • Goa is located on the southwestern coast of India.
  • Goa was earlier a colony of Portugal. The Portuguese ruled Goa for about 450 years and it was handed over to the Indian administration on 19 December 1961.
  • On 19 December 1961, the Indian Army conducted military operations with Operation Vijay for the merger of Goa, Daman, and Diu into the Indian Union, and as a result Goa, Daman, and Diu became a centrally administered territory of India. The union territory was bifurcated on 30 May 1987, and Goa became the twenty-fifth state of India.

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  • Goa is the fourth smallest state of India in terms of population after Sikkim, Mizoram, and Arunachal Pradesh. The population of Goa is 1,458,545.
  • The latitude and longitude of Goa are 14°53'54" and 73°40'33" E respectively.
  • Panaji is the capital of Goa.
  • Vasco da Gama is the largest city of Goa.
  • There are 2 districts in Goa - North Goa and South Goa.
  • The official language of Goa is Konkani.
  • Dekhnni, Fugdi, Corridinho, Mando, Dulpod and Fado are the famous folk dances of Goa.
  • The current Chief Minister of Goa is Pramod Sawant (BJP).
  • The current Governor of Goa is P. S. Sreedharan Pillai.
  • The total number of assembly seats in Goa is 40.
  • The number of Rajyasabha seats is 1.
  • The number of Loksabha seats is 2.
  • The literacy rate of Goa is 88.70%.
  • The sex ratio in Goa is 973.

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  • The State Bird of Goa is Flame-throated bulbul.
  • The state Fish of Goa is the Grey mullet.
  • The State Flower of Goa is Red Jasmine.
  • The State Fruit of Goa is Cashew.
  • The state animal of Goa is Gaur.
  • State Tree of Goa is Matti Terminalia crenulata.
  • Goa is the richest Indian state with the highest GDP per capita—two and a half times the country's.
  • The population density of Goa is 394 per sq km which is higher than the national average of 382 per sq km.
  • The ‘Bom Jesus Basilica’ is a World Heritage Site in Goa.
  • Goa ranks 3rd among Indian states on Human Development Index.
  • Goa’s Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) was Rs 914.17 billion (US$ 11.09 billion) in 2022-23. 


This article provided you the information about the largest state of India - Rajasthan and the Smallest state of India - Goa.

You also get essential information about these states, which is very useful from the exam point of view.

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