In today's article, we will give you information about the Geography of India.
As you know how important this topic is from the exam point of view, our aim is to give complete information to everyone about Indian Geography.
Under this topic, we will tell you about the total population and area of India, total states and union territories of India, neighboring countries of India, coastal states of India, Tropic of Cancer in India, Indian Standard Time, the climate of India, seasons of India, and islands of India.
So let's know the Geography of India.
The Tropic of Cancer (23° 30'N) divides the country into almost two equal parts i.e Nothern India and Southern India.
Tropic of Cancer passes through eight states of India. These eight states are:
India has 9 coastline states and 4 union territories.
The coastal length of mainland India is 6100 km and the total coastal length including islands is 7516.6 km.
9 coastline states of India are -
4 Coastal Union Territories
The state with the longest coastline in India is Gujarat (1214.6 km) while the Union Territory with the longest coastline is Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The standard meridian (82°30' East longitude) of India passing through Mirzapur, Uttar Pradesh is considered the standard time for the whole country. This is called the IST (Indian Standard Time) line.
India's standard meridian is 82.5° East of Greenwich, which means our Standard Time is 5:30 hours ahead of Greenwich Standard Time (GMT).
Indian states falling on the standard meridian line are - Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, and Andhra Pradesh.
The Indian climate is very diverse.
The monsoon winds coming from the Indian Ocean located in the south of India have the greatest effect on the climate of India. That is why the climate of India is called 'Tropical Monsoon Climate'.
The climate of India is tropical in the south and alpine (polar-like) in the Himalayan regions due to the high altitude, it is tropical moist type in Northeast India and dry type in western parts.
According to the ‘Indian Meteorological Department’, there are four types of seasons in India.
The islands of India are divided into two parts:
In today's article, we have tried to give you much important information about the Geography of India.
Hope you liked the information given by us.
How many geographical features are there in India?
There are 6 Geographical features in India. The Great Mountains of the North, Northern Plains, Peninsular Plateaus, coastal Plains, The Desert, and Islands.
In which hemisphere India is located?
India is located in the Northern-Eastern Hemisphere.
India is a part of which continent?
India is a part of the Asia Continent.
Which is the oldest part of India?
The Peninsular Plateau is the oldest landmass of the Indian subcontinent.
How many states are in India?
There are 28 states in India.