UPSC IAS/IFS Recruitment 2022

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has released the notification for Civil Services IAS and Indian Forest Service IFS 2022 Preliminary Examination. 

Interested and Eligible Candidates can apply online from 22 February 2022 through the official website.

Get all details about IAS and IFS Examination 2022.

Here you will get information about UPSC recruitment 2022, UPSC exam date 2022, UPSC vacancy 2022, UPSC eligibility 2022, UPSC age limit 2022, UPSC selection process 2022, UPSC exam pattern 2022, UPSC syllabus 2022, UPSC salary per month.

UPSC IAS/IFS Recruitment 2022: Highlights

Recruitment Authority

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)

Post Name


Total Number of Vacancies


Application Starting Date

2 February 2022

Application Last Date

22 February 2022

Prelims Exam Date 

05 June 2022

Official Website

UPSC IAS/IFS Application Fees





SC / ST / PH


UPSC IAS/IFS Important Dates

Starting Date for Apply Online 


Last Date for Apply Online 


Exam Date


Admit Card Available

Updated Soon

UPSC IAS/IFS Vacancy 2022

Post Name

Total Post

Indian Administrative Service IAS (Civil Services)


Indian Forest Service (IFS)


UPSC IAS/IFS Eligibility Criteria 2022

Under UPSC Eligibility Criteria, Nationality, Education Qualification, Age Limit, and Age Relaxation are as follows -

Practice Group D Previous year exam paper: 4 Dec 2018


  • For the IAS, IFS & IPS, a candidate must be a citizen of India.
  • For the IRS and other services, a candidate must be one of the following:
  • A citizen of India
  • A subject of Bhutan
  • A subject of Nepal
  • A refugee of Tibet who came to India before 1st Jan 1962 to permanently settle in India.
  • A person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia, or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

UPSC IAS/IFS Education Qualification

For Indian Administrative Service (IAS): Bachelor's Degree in Any Stream in Any Recognized University in India.

For Indian Forest Service (IFS): Bachelor's Degree as one of Subject Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science, Botany, Chemistry, Geology, Mathematics, Physics, Statistics and Zoology, Agriculture or Equivalent.


Minimum Age: 21 Years

Maximum Age: 32 Years

There is also age relaxation of some years for reserved category candidates:

Number of Attempts

The number of times an applicant can appear for the IAS exam is pre-defined by UPSC. Even if you appear only for the preliminary examination, it will be counted as an attempt. Check out the table below:

UPSC IAS/IFS Selection Process 2022

UPSC IAS/IFS selection process consists of three stages. These three stages are given below - 

  • Preliminary Examination (Objective Type)
  • Main Examination (Written examination)
  • Personality Test(Interview)

Click here for UPSC IFS Exam Pattern 

UPSC IAS Exam Pattern                      

Stage I: IAS Exam – UPSC Prelims

  • The questions in the IAS Exam (Prelims) are of the objective type or Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
  • The negative marking for incorrect answers will be 1/3rd (0.66) of the allotted marks of that question.
  • The GS Paper II (CSAT) in the IAS exam is of qualifying nature and candidates should score a minimum of 33 percent in this paper to qualify for the next stage of the IAS exam i.e. the Mains.
  • Blind candidates are given an extra time of 20 minutes for each paper in the IAS Exam (Prelims).
  • It is mandatory for the candidates to appear in both the papers of the civil services prelims exam for the evaluation.
  • The marks scored by the candidates in the preliminary examination are not counted for the final score. It is only a screening test where candidates not securing the cut-off marks are eliminated.
  • The question papers will be set both in Hindi and English.

Sr. No.

Name of the Paper

Duration of the Exam




Paper – I: General Studies

2 Hours


200 Marks


Paper-II: General Studies (CSAT)

2 Hours


200 Marks

Stage II: IAS Exam – UPSC Mains

The second stage of the IAS Exam is called the Mains Exam, which is a written descriptive examination and comprises 9 papers. The 9 papers in IAS Exam (Mains) are as follows: Paper-A (Compulsory Indian Language); Paper –B (English) which are qualifying in nature, while the other papers like Essay, General Studies Papers I, II, III, and IV, and Optional Papers I and II are considered for the final ranking.

Sr. No.

Exam Paper

Name of the Paper

Duration of the Exam




Compulsory Indian Language

3 Hours

300 Marks




3 Hours

300 Marks




3 Hours

250 Marks



General Studies I

3 Hours

250 Marks



General Studies II

3 Hours

250 Marks



General Studies III

3 Hours

250 Marks



General Studies IV

3 Hours

250 Marks



Optional Paper I

3 Hours

250 Marks



Optional Paper-II

3 Hours

250 Marks


1750 Marks


Interview or Personality Test

275 Marks



2025 Marks

Personality Test/ Interview: 

The maximum marks for an interview are 275 marks. The candidate will be interviewed by a Board of competent and unbiased observers who will have before them a record of his/ her career. The object of the Interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for the Service. The candidate will be expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in his/ her subjects of academic study but also in events which are happening around him/ her both within and outside his/ her own state or country, as well as in modem currents of thought and in new discoveries which should arouse the curiosity of well-educated youth.

UPSC IAS Exam Syllabus: 

UPSC IAS Syllabus for Preliminary Exam

UPSC IAS Syllabus Paper I – General Studies

  • Current events of national and international importance
  • History of India and Indian National Movement
  • Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World
  • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization
  • General Science

UPSC IAS Syllabus Paper-II – General Studies

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. Class X level)

UPSC IAS Syllabus for Mains Exam


The aim of the paper is to test the candidates' ability to read and understand serious discursive prose and to express ideas clearly and correctly, in English and the Indian language. 

The pattern of questions would be broad as follows : 

(i) Comprehension of given passages. 

(ii) Precis Writing. 

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary. 

(iv) Short Essays. 

Indian Languages:— 

(i) comprehension of given passages. 

(ii) Precis Writing. 

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary. 

(iv) Short Essays. 

(v) Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa. 

Note 1: The papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking. 

Note 2: The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where the translation is involved). 

IAS Syllabus - Paper I


Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. "They will be expected to keep close to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in an orderly fashion and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression." 

UPSC always gave topics from Philosophy, Public Administration, and International scenarios. The worldview of the candidates is tested through these essays. How the candidate sees the engrossed problems and how they suggest the solution to the problems.

IAS Syllabus - Paper-II 

General Studies-I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History, and Geography of the World and Society.

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature, and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • The history of the world will include events from the 18th century such as the industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, etc.— their forms and effect on society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems, and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society.
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of the world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclones, etc., geographical features and their location changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

IAS Syllabus - Paper-III 

General Studies Paper-II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, and International relations.

  • Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions, and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues, and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels, and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs, dispute redressal mechanisms, and institutions.
  • The government strives to have a workforce that reflects gender balance and women candidates are encouraged to apply.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
  • Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges, and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Center and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions, and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
    Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability, and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighborhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional, and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies, and fora- their structure, mandate.

IAS Syllabus- Paper-IV 

General Studies Paper III: Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management 

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development, and employment. 
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it. 
  • Government Budgeting. 
  • Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country - different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers. 
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing. 
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management. 
  • Land reforms in India. 
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy, and their effects on industrial growth. 
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc. 
  • Investment models. 
  • Science and technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. 
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology. 
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology, and issues relating to intellectual property rights. 
  • Conservation, environmental pollution, and degradation, environmental impact assessment. 
  • Disaster and disaster management. 
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism. 
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security. 
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cybersecurity; money laundering, and its prevention. 
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas - linkages of organized crime with terrorism. 
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate. 

IAS Syllabus - Paper V 

General Studies Paper IV: Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude 

This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life, and his problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered : 

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants, and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics - in private and public relationships. Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers, and administrators; the role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values. 
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence, and persuasion. 
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance, and compassion towards the weaker sections. 
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance. 
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world. 
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations, and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance. 
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of
  • Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption. 
  • Case Studies on the above issues.

IAS Syllabus - Paper VI, VII

Optional Subject for IAS/IFS Mains Exam 

There are 25 optional subjects in the IAS main exam and the candidates need to choose only one out of them. The optional subject carries 500 marks out of 1750. It is around 30% of the total. So the candidates are suggested to select the optional subject very carefully because it can make or break the dream of becoming an IAS officer.

The following is the official list of IAS's main optional subjects. The candidates can choose any one subject as the optional subject.

The candidates can choose the Literature of any one of the following languages as their optional subject:

























UPSC IAS/IFS Center for Prelims Exam

The Preliminary Examination will be held at the following Centers: 

UPSC IAS/IFS Center for Mains Exam

Centers of Civil Services (Main) Examination:-

UPSC IAS/IFS Important Links