Interesting facts about tea that you hardly know


Tea bagan

Today in this article we will try to get as much information about the tea. The subject of this article today is "All About Tea" .

The number of tea lovers in the world is quite high. There are many people all over the world who start their day with tea. Tea is a beverage that is the favorite drink of all. After water, tea is the beverage that is drunk the most. At present, tea has become an important part of our life. 

If it comes to alleviating fatigue, the name of tea comes first of all. Tea is something we drink everyday, but there are many things about tea that we do not know, Like when and where did tea begin, when and how did tea reach all over the world and in India and how it became the favorite beverage of the people. We will discuss all these related questions in this article. First of all, know when, how and where tea started.

History of Tea

The beginning of tea is believed to be about 3000 years ago. I want to tell you in a very interesting story about the beginning of tea. A king of China named "Shen Nung" was visiting his garden. Suddenly a few leaves of tea fell in his hot cup of water that changed the color of the water. He drank that water and he liked the taste of that water and he also felt very relaxed after drinking this drink, so he felt the tea Include it in your drink. After this, the tradition of drinking tea started there.

After this, around 1610 AD, Dutch traders who went to China took tea from China to Europe. After this, tea gradually reached other countries and Its practice started in other countries as well and tea became a favorite drink worldwide.

Introduction of Tea in India -

Talking about the introduction of tea in India, its beginning in India is considered in 1815 , When the British officer's sight went to the shrubs growing on the hills of Assam. tAt that time the local people used to make this one drink and consume it. So, the then Governor William Bentec formed a committee in 1834 with the aim of starting the tradition of tea in India and tea plantations were planted in Assam of India and thus tea was produced on a large scale in Assam. Which is still effective today.

Most Tea producing countries

China is also the largest tea producing country. China is currently the only country that produces large-scale industrial production of tea. India is the second largest producer of tea after China. Assam and West Bengal in India have the highest production of tea because the climate and soil is suitable for tea production. Assam's state drink is "tea". If we talk about the major exporters of tea, India in the first place. And after India, Sri Lanka is ranked. Tea exports have a big contribution in the national income of Sri Lanka. Other exporting countries are Kenya, China and Indonesia

Other Indian tea producing states are Uttar Pradesh, Tripura, Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala, Tripura etc.

Conditions suitable for the production of Tea -

The tea crop is sown in October – November and its leaves are picked three to four times a year. The appropriate temperature for tea yield should be 21–27 ° C and the minimum rainfall should be 1 25–150 cm. Tea It is more produced in hilly areas. Because the collection of water is harmful for the tea plant and the water does not get collected in the hilly parts . For tea cultivation, the land must be mildly acidic (PH value should be between 5-6).Tea plants are first planted in small beds and then when plants grow, they are planted in some other place. 

Varieties of tea around the world -

 Many varieties of tea are found all over the world. Different types of tea are grown in different countries. If you talk about some special varieties, then these varieties of Black Tea, Green Tea,  Ulong Tea, Herbal Tea, Organic Tea , Lemon Tea .These varieties of tea are found in almost all countries. Let us know about the method of making these varieties of tea and their benefits. 

Black tea - 

                                                        Black tea

Black tea is the black colored leaves that help strengthen our immunity system.

Method of preparation - To make black tea, boil water, add some leaves of black, mix ginger and cardamom and boil it for some time. Add sugar / honey and lemon to increase the tea flavor.

You can also prepare masala tea with black tea. Just add milk to it and our masala tea is ready. Apart from this, you can also grind black pepper, cardamom, cinnamon, cloves etc. in it. This increases the taste of masala tea manifold. It disappears body fatigue in minutes and is also effective in preventing obesity.

Green Tea

                                               green tea

Nowadays the demand for green tea has increased considerably people are preferring to drink green tea. The reason for the choice of green tea is the beneficial properties present in it. It is produced especially in China and Japan.

Method of preparation -  To make green tea, green tea is added only in hot water. To increase its flavor, honey can also be added to it. 

Green tea helps in reducing the fat present in the body. Also reduces cholesterol level.

 White Tea

                                             white

White tea is young leaves that have not yet turned into buds. These young leaves are quite tender.

Method of preparation -  To make white tea, put its leaves in hot water and keep it for some time. To increase its flavor, you can mix ginger, black pepper, cloves, cardamom powder and some honey in it. 

White tea is very beneficial for teeth and gum problems. It is very helpful in controlling diabetes, reducing glucose levels, weight loss, strengthening the immune system, and even preventing diseases like cancer.

Types of Tea in India -

Due to the different climates and soil types in the states of India, there is also a difference in the varieties of tea. The best type of tea is grown in Darjeeling and the tea of ​​Darjeeling is the best tea in the world. Some of the main varieties of tea found in India are - Butter Tea, Masala Tea, Green Tea, Black Tea, Herbal Tea, White Tea, Ice Tea,  Nilgiri Tea, Assam Tea, Kangra Tea.

If we consume anything, it has a lot of effects on our body. IThis can be beneficial if it is consumed in limited quantities. Many people you may have heard often, Saying that the consumption of tea is harmful to health, but it is not completely true. Tea intake can be harmful. If it is consumed in more than a limited amount. If you consume tea in limited quantity then it can definitely be beneficial for our health. Let us know the advantages and disadvantages of tea. 

Advantages of tea -

  • Tea contains caffeine, a stimulant that relieves body fatigue and gives a feeling of elation.
  • The antioxidants present in the tea increase the immunity of the body and which helps the body in fighting many diseases and also protects you in aging.
  • The amino acid called l-theanine in the tea activates the brain and is also helpful in keeping the mind calm.
  • Tea without sugar is good for teeth and gums.
  • Fluoride present in tea strengthens bones and teeth. The caitin present in the tea also helps in making new bones.
  • Consumption of tea in limited quantity is beneficial in cancer, allergies, heart diseases, pain etc.
  • Boil tea leaves in hot water and rotate them throughout the house, this is a working solution to ward off mosquitoes

Disadvantages of Tea -

  • Because there is a narcotic substance called caffeine in tea and it is addictive due to consumption of tea in large quantities.
  • Digestive power is impaired by consuming too much tea.
  • If more than 3 or 4 cups of tea are consumed throughout the day, there can be a problem of acidity.
  • Gums in the teeth become weak by drinking tea.
  • Night tea should not be consumed. This does not make a person sleepy.
  • Consuming tea on an empty stomach is harmful. This affects a person's appetite.
  • Drinking too much tea is harmful for the body.
  • Ulcer disease occurs in the intestines due to the consumption of too much hard tea.

Reason for being a favorite tea drink -

The scientific name of the tea plant is Camilla Scientific. Tea is our favorite beverage in winter. Tea is most commonly consumed in the hilly regions of India because the cold is more in the hilly region and tea serves to relieve the cold. Although tea is consumed in every season, but in winter its demand increases considerably and you can also see the crowds at the tea shops in the street. 

Caffeine is present in tea, which leads to tea addiction. Excess of anything is bad, If you consume limited quantity of tea, then it will be of some benefit.

Some important facts about tea plant -

The tea plant is a tropical plant. Rain and hot weather are necessary for its cultivation. Rainfall is very important for tea cultivation. The wet and dry the weather, the better the growth of the tea plant. The temperature should be appropriate for the development of the tea plant (Maximum 35 degrees Minimum 15 degrees) .

The tea plant grows as bushes. Tea plant requires more fertilizer. Therefore, while preparing the pit for the tea plant, about 15 kg of dung manure and chemical fertilizers like nitrogen, phosphate and potassium should be mixed and also sprayed with gypsum so that there is no shortage of sulfur.

If seen per hectare, tea is produced up to 600-700 kg. The production of tea also gives its farmers a good price and there is not much cost for taking care of the tea crop.